Sumo wrestlers employ a diverse array of techniques to gain advantages over their opponents, combining strength, skill, balance, and strategy. These techniques are essential in a sport where the objective is to force the opponent out of the ring or make any part of their body, other than the soles of their feet, touch the ground.
Tsuki (Thrust): Wrestlers use open-handed strikes to the opponent's upper body, attempting to unbalance and push them off-center.
Oshi (Push): This technique involves using the palms or fingers to push the opponent, leveraging body weight to force them out of the ring or disrupt their balance.
Yori (Force): Wrestlers engage in close-quarters combat, leaning into their opponents to exploit their weight and drive them backward.
Hineri (Twist): By grabbing an opponent's arm and twisting, a wrestler can throw them off balance and set up for a follow-up move.
Sabaori (Bar Counter): When an opponent charges, a wrestler might sidestep and pull them off balance, causing them to stumble or fall.
Nage (Throw): These techniques involve using leverage and timing to lift or throw the opponent down, such as the "Uchigake" (inner thigh trip) or the "Kotenage" (armlock throw).
Hiki (Pull): Wrestlers may retreat suddenly while pulling the opponent off balance, causing them to lose footing and fall.
Migi-otoshi (Right Outer Drop): By using a combination of pushing and pulling, a wrestler can guide their opponent's forward momentum and make them fall.
Uwatenage (Overarm Throw): A wrestler secures an overarm grip and uses leverage to throw the opponent off balance and onto the ground.
Kotenage (Armlock Throw): Wrestlers seize an opponent's arm and twist, employing joint manipulation to force them down.
Sukuinage (Beltless Arm Throw): When an opponent charges, a wrestler can use their momentum to execute a throw without gripping the opponent's belt.
Kimedashi (Arm Control Force-Out): A wrestler uses both arms to control the opponent's arms, driving them out of the ring.
These techniques illustrate the complexity of sumo wrestling, as wrestlers must anticipate their opponents' movements while executing precise maneuvers. Successful application of these techniques requires a deep understanding of balance, timing, and leverage. Wrestlers often develop a signature move or technique that suits their style and physique, allowing them to exploit their strengths and gain an edge over opponents. The variety of techniques used in sumo adds to the intrigue and excitement of the matches, making each bout a dynamic display of skill and strategy.