The penalty kick is taken from the spot where the infringement occurred, and it usually involves a place kick, where the ball is placed on the ground and then kicked. The kicking team can choose any player to take the penalty kick, typically selecting a player with good kicking skills and accuracy.
The objective of the penalty kick is to kick the ball between the goalposts and over the crossbar. If successful, it results in three points for the team, regardless of the distance from which the kick is taken. The team can also opt to take a quick tap penalty instead of kicking for goal. In this case, a player from the non-offending team takes the ball and quickly restarts play, attempting to gain an advantage by catching the opposition off guard.
During a penalty kick, the opposing team must stand at least 10 meters away from the kicker until the ball is kicked. This rule allows the kicking team to have a clear path to kick the ball without interference.
Penalty kicks can have a significant impact on the outcome of a rugby match. They often provide an opportunity for teams to score points and swing the momentum in their favor. Skillful kickers who can consistently convert penalty kicks into points are highly valued in rugby teams.
It's important to note that penalty kicks are just one of the various ways penalties are enforced in rugby. Other options include scrums, lineouts, or free kicks, depending on the nature of the infringement and the decisions made by the team awarded the penalty.