Natural Instincts: Horses have a natural ability to judge distances and adapt their stride length accordingly. They use their keen eyesight to assess the height and width of the obstacles, allowing them to determine the appropriate take-off point. Horses also possess a natural sense of balance, which helps them maintain stability in the air and land safely on the other side of the jump.
Training: Horses undergo extensive training to develop their jumping skills. Trainers gradually introduce them to different types of jumps, including hurdles and fences of varying heights and widths. They teach horses how to approach jumps with confidence, maintain a steady rhythm, and adjust their stride to meet the demands of the obstacle. Through repetition and reinforcement, horses become familiar with the process of jumping and learn to navigate through challenging jumps.
Technique: Proper jumping technique is essential for horses to clear difficult obstacles efficiently. Horses are trained to approach jumps with an appropriate speed and balance, allowing them to generate enough power to clear the jump while maintaining control. They learn to bascule, which is the arched movement of their body over the jump, allowing them to lift their forelegs clear of the obstacle. Horses also develop the skill of quick recovery after landing, enabling them to regain their balance swiftly and continue the race.
Rider Guidance: Jockeys play a crucial role in guiding horses through difficult jumps. They provide cues and make adjustments to ensure the horse approaches the jump at the correct angle and with the right amount of impulsion. Jockeys use their weight, leg aids, and reins to communicate with the horse, providing subtle cues for take-off and landing. They anticipate the horse's reactions and make split-second decisions to adjust their riding position and aid the horse when necessary.
Experience and Adaptation: With experience, horses become more adept at navigating difficult jumps. They learn from their past encounters, remember the feel of different types of jumps, and adjust their approach accordingly. Experienced horses can anticipate the demands of the course and adjust their stride length, pace, and jumping technique to clear challenging obstacles efficiently.
In summary, horses navigate through difficult jumps during a national hunt race by relying on their natural instincts, training, and the guidance of their jockeys. Through training, technique development, and experience, horses become skilled at judging distances, adjusting their stride, and maintaining balance, allowing them to clear obstacles successfully and continue the race safely.